Class Agenda

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Class #14 - April 15, 2018

posted Apr 15, 2018, 5:46 AM by Parshu Ananth

Study guide attached

Class #13 - April 1, 2018

posted Apr 3, 2018, 6:49 PM by Parshu Ananth   [ updated Apr 8, 2018, 6:41 PM ]

Vedic Math file attached

Class #12 - March 18, 2018

posted Apr 3, 2018, 6:48 PM by Parshu Ananth   [ updated Apr 9, 2018, 5:14 PM ]

Karma and Yoga - Shankarananda Das

Karma:  Good activity (activity sanctioned in the Bhagavad Gita or scriptures)
Vikarma: Bad activity  
Akarma: Neither good nor bad - no personal interest and nothing to lose - doing because it needs to be done

In the scriptures, Akarma is also called Yoga.

                                                            Yoga
                                                                |
    ______________________________|_______________
    |                        |                                   |                             |
Karma            Jnana                        Dhyan                        Bhakti

Karma Yoga(Action): Person doing his / her duty with the intention of Yoga (union with God)

Jnana Yoga (Knowledge): Study with the purpose of understanding God

Dhyan Yoga (Meditation): Also called, Ashtanga Yoga

Bhakti Yoga (Devotional Service)

Dhyan Yoga requires living outside the city.

Jnana Yoga: requires intense study

Karma Yoga: somewhat good.  However, it cannot give you complete understanding of God.

Bhakti Yoga: Only way one can have complete understanding of God.

B.G. End of 6th chapter: topmost is one who is practicing Bhakti

All of you can practice Bhakti daily:

1. Sravanam: Hearing anything related to God
2. Kirtanam: Chanting / Repeating / Singing what you heard about God.  For example, you may chant:
    a. Hare Krishna, Hare Krishna, Krishna Krishna Hare Hare
        Hare Rama, Hare Rama, Rama Rama Hare, or
    b. Om Namo Bhagavate Vasudevaya
3. Smaranam: Remembering God
4. Pada Sevanam: Serving the feet of the Lord
    e.g. sweeping the floor of the temple or a visit to Vrindavan
5. Archanam: Worshipping the deity form of the Lord
6. Vandanam: Prayer
7. Dasyam: (Das = servant of God) The relationship between God and his devotees is of love, not of exploitation.
8. Sakhyam: Becoming a friend of God
9. Atma Nivedanam: Offering yourself to God

Class #11 - March 4, 2018

posted Apr 3, 2018, 6:47 PM by Parshu Ananth   [ updated Apr 9, 2018, 7:12 PM ]

Karma

Three modes of material nature:

In the Bhagavad Gita, Krishna talks at length about the "three modes of material nature." These are subtle forces that influence our behavior as well as every aspect of our physical, mental, and emotional world. The Sanskrit term for these forces is guna, "rope," and the Gita explains how they pull us to act in various ways, even against our better judgment.

The effects of Sattva-guna, the mode of goodness, are seen when an atmosphere of peace, serenity, and harmony prevails in our environment and ourselves. Rajo-guna, the mode of passion, is felt as insatiable desire for temporary things, striving for more and more of them, and perpetual dissatisfaction. Tamo-guna, the mode of ignorance, is indicated when there's laziness, depression, intoxication, and insanity.

The fourteenth chapter of the Bhagavad Gita contains elaborate descriptions of the modes, their symptoms, how they affect us, and ultimately how to become free from their influence through the practice of bhakti-yoga

Mode of Goodness (Sattva-guna)
Mode of Passion (Rajo-guna)
Mode of Ignorance (Tamo-guna)

Karma

Karma is defined as activities conditioned by the three modes of nature under the purview of time.

According to Vedic literature, karma is the law of cause and effect. For every action there is a cause as well as a reaction. Karma is produced by performing fruitive activities for bodily or mental development. One may perform pious activities that will produce good reactions or good karma for future enjoyment. Or one may perform selfish or what some call sinful activities that produce bad karma and future suffering. This follows a person wherever he or she goes in this life or future lives. Such karma, as well as the type of consciousness a person develops, establishes reactions that one must experience.

Your association your mode of nature.  Therefore, it is important to associate with good people.

Discussion: Cultural identity is important for self-respect

Class #10 - February 25, 2018

posted Apr 3, 2018, 6:46 PM by Parshu Ananth   [ updated Apr 8, 2018, 7:01 PM ]

Who is God?

Bhagavad Gita 7.7

Bhagavad Gita 10.8

Creation

Life of Brahma

God and Demigods

Class #9 - January 21, 2018

posted Apr 3, 2018, 6:45 PM by Parshu Ananth   [ updated Apr 8, 2018, 6:58 PM ]

Slokas

2.40
2.41
2.44

Topic: Who am I?  Soul and its properties

Difference between body and soul
Analogies:
Car and driver
Apartment and Occupant

Where is the soul situated?

What is the difference in the size of the soul between elephant and ant?

Activities of the soul (through the body):
1. Takes birth
2. Grows
3. Stays
4. Produces offspring
5. Dwindles
6. Dies

Properties of the soul:
Neither birth nor death

More about the soul:
Is man just a powerful computer?  What is the difference between a human and a robot?
Am I God?
What is the difference between God and human?
What is common between God and human?

Is God eternal?  Is the soul eternal?
Why can't we become God?

Soul vs Supersoul

Jivatma                 vs.         Paramatma
Individual soul                    One Soul
- Many                                   - Same one situated in everyone
- Remembers this life            - Remembers past, present and future
- Anu (minute)                       - Vibhu (big in quality not size)
- Limited cognizance             - Fully cognizant
-Servitor                                 - Served (Supervisor - monitors activities of atma)

Two birds are sitting on a branch

Princess and the parrot

Discussion: Role models, Heroes and Mentors

Class #8 - December 17, 2017

posted Apr 3, 2018, 6:45 PM by Parshu Ananth   [ updated Apr 8, 2018, 6:45 PM ]

Slokas

Mid-term quiz day

Bhagavad Gita Chanting - 2nd Set

posted Jan 20, 2018, 7:35 PM by Parshu Ananth   [ updated Jan 20, 2018, 7:36 PM ]

2.40

nehabhikrama-naso 'sti  pratyavayo na vidyate
sv-alpam apy asya dharmasya  trayate mahato bhayat

In this endeavor there is no loss or diminution, and a little advancement on this path can protect one from the most dangerous type of fear.

2.41

vyavasayatmika buddhir  ekeha kuru-nandana
bahu-sakha hy anantas ca  buddhayo 'vyavasayinam

Those who are on this path are resolute in purpose, and their aim is one. O beloved child of the Kurus, the intelligence of those who are irresolute is many-branched.

2.44

bhogaisvarya-prasaktanam  ta yapahrta-cetasam
vyavasayatmika buddhih  samadhau na vidhiyate

In the minds of those who are too attached to sense enjoyment and material opulence, and who are bewildered by such things, the resolute determination for devotional service to the Supreme Lord does not take place.

2.45

trai-gunya-visaya veda  nistrai-gunyo bhavarjuna
nirdvandvo nitya-sattva-stho  niryoga-ksema atmavan

The Vedas deal mainly with the subject of the three modes of material nature. O Arjuna, become transcendental to these three modes. Be free from all dualities and from all anxieties for gain and safety, and be established in the self.

2.46

yavan artha udapane  sarvatah samplutodake
tavan sarvesu vedesu  brahmanasya vijanatah

All purposes served by a small well can at once be served by a great reservoir of water. Similarly, all the purposes of the Vedas can be served to one who knows the purpose behind them.

2.59

visaya vinivartante  niraharasya dehinah
rasa-varjam raso 'py asya  param drstva nivartate

The embodied soul may be restricted from sense enjoyment, though the taste for sense objects remains. But, ceasing such engagements by experiencing a higher taste, he is fixed in consciousness.

2.62

dhyayato visayan pumsah  sangas tesupajayate
sangat sanjayate kamah  kamat krodho 'bhijayate

While contemplating the objects of the senses, a person develops attachment for them, and from such attachment lust develops, and from lust anger arises.

2.63

krodhad bhavati sammohah  sammohat smrti-vibhramah
smrti-bhramsad buddhi-naso  buddhi-nasat pranasyati

From anger, complete delusion arises, and from delusion bewilderment of memory. When memory is bewildered, intelligence is lost, and when intelligence is lost one falls down again into the material pool.

2.64

raga-dvesa-vimuktais tu  visayan indriyais caran
atma-vasyair vidheyatma  prasadam adhigacchati

But a person free from all attachment and aversion and able to control his senses through regulative principles of freedom can obtain the complete mercy of the Lord.

2.69

ya nisa sarva-bhutanam  tasyam jagarti samyami
yasyam jagrati bhutani  sa nisa pasyato muneh

What is night for all beings is the time of awakening for the self-controlled; and the time of awakening for all beings is night for the introspective sage.

3.9

yajnarthat karmano 'nyatra  loko 'yam karma-bandhanah
tad-artham karma kaunteya  mukta-sangah samacara

Work done as a sacrifice for Visnu has to be performed, otherwise work causes bondage in this material world. Therefore, O son of Kunti, perform your prescribed duties for His satisfaction, and in that way you will always remain free from bondage.

3.21

yad yad acarati sresthas  tat tad evetaro janah
sa yat pramanam kurute  lokas tad anuvartate

Whatever action a great man performs, common men follow. And whatever standards he sets by exemplary acts, all the world pursues.

3.27

prakrteh kriyamanani  gunaih karmani sarvasah
ahankara- vimudhatma  kartaham iti manyate

The spirit soul bewildered by the influence of false ego thinks himself the doer of activities that are in actuality carried out by the three modes of material nature.

3.37

sri-bhagavan uvaca
kama esa krodha esa  rajo-guna-samudbhavah
mahasano maha-papma  viddhy enam iha vairinam

The Supreme Personality of Godhead said: It is lust only, Arjuna, which is born of contact with the material mode of passion and later transformed into wrath, and which is the all-devouring sinful enemy of this world.

Class #7 - December 3, 2017

posted Dec 15, 2017, 5:20 PM by Parshu Ananth

Krishna - The Supreme Person

Definition of God (Six Opulences)

Bhagavan means one who possesses opulences.

The six opulences of God are:
  1. Wealth - Lakshmi, the Goddess of Fortune is his consort.
  2. Fame - Even today we are talking about Krishna's greatness.  The fame of people fades eventually.
  3. Knowledge - Original creator of everything, so naturally he knows all areas of science.
  4. Strength - Krishna lifted Govardhana Hill.
  5. Beauty - Even when he was on the battlefield, he looked as young as a 16 year old youth.
  6. Renunciation - Though he is the owner of everything, he is detached from all possessions.

Essence of Bhagavad Gita

posted Dec 5, 2017, 5:24 PM by Parshu Ananth

Attached are the "Essence of Bhagavad Gita" slides.

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